With 619 kilometers distance to Tehran, and 150 kilometers to the border with the republic of Azerbaijan , this city has kept its significant location for centuries.
the name of Tabriz was mentioned first in the Aserian king, epigraph of Sargon II in 714 BC.During the third and the fourth centuries, Tabriz was a famous city, and it was taken as a capital for the first time by the Rewadiyan Family.Between the Rewadiyan period and the Moguls, the city had been destroyed several times due to earthquakes. During the Moguls kings,and during Sultan Mahmood Ghazan (694 AD) Tabriz enjoyed its golden age,and was very big and developed city.The Alishah Mosque , the Rasheedi Quarter , and the shanb Ghazan were constructed during this period .After the Moguls too, during the Jalayeries,the Turkomans,and the Safavids,Tabriz was the formal capital of Iran.the Kabood Mosque is of the remaining of the turkemens period.During the late centuries, Tabriz was also significant for its accomodation of the peopl's revolution and for the great solidarity against the Ottomans and the Russian attacks.So the people of Tabriz are famous for thier brave hart commanders such as Satter Khan and Baqer Khan who were the peopl's commanders during the consitution revolution (1905).In 1920, the Aleasder Shykh Mohammed Khyabani rebelled against the british invaders in Tabriz, and his movement resulted into the cancellation of the Iran-British treaty.And finally during the Islamic revolution(1978-1979) the people of tabriz have played a significant role which result into the victory of the revolution.Now , Tabriz is one of the most beautiful and historic cities in Iran, and its main historical leisure places are as following:
The Muncipality Place which is the most nice bulding in Tabriz .It was constructed according to the Western architecture, and it belong to the Pahlavi I period.
The Remaining of the Rasheedi Qurter Castle which belong to the Moguls period.
The Historical Village Kandevan and its Mineral water Spring which is located on the southern side of the town of Osoko.
The Historical Complex of the Great Bazzar of Tabriz which belong to the early centuries of the Islamic period.
The Friday Mosque which is one of the oldest historical buldings in Tabriz, and according to some historians its bulding's history belongs to the early Islamic period.
The Alishah Mosque (Arke Tabriz) which was built by Tajoldeen Alishah Gilani Tabrizi, the Prime of Sultan Mohammed Khodabandeh and Abu Sa'eed Bahadorkhan from 716 to 725 AH.
The Kabood Mosque(Gouy Masjid) which is one of the remainings of the Jahan Shah Ben Qareh Yousef, one of the Turkemans Kings of Aq Quenlo. It was built in 870 AH.
The Poet's Cemetery which is one of the most attractive buldings in tabriz now.Many of the Azarbijan famous poets as well as many arefs and scholars have been buried there.
Sayed Hamzeh Tomb which is one of the beautiful places in tabriz, and has significant deoration.It is one of the Safavids and the Qajar remaining , and many people visit it daily.
The Azarbijan Museum which contains a significant collection of the most valuable historical remainings, collected from different parts of the province.
The Natural Valleys of the Saeed Abad and Sahand Mountains which is known as the bride mountain of Iran
The Beautiful Bulding and Garden of Eel Gueli (former Shahguli) which is of the Qajar period.
Many kinds of wild animals live in the province of E-Azarbaijan. On the Mountainous and forest areas; live beers, wolfs,pigs,foxes,and rabbits.On the river-sides and lake-sides there are: Partridge, Duck, wildduck,Pheasant,ringdov,pelicansflamingo,different kinds of ducks,crane,swan,heron,and other kinds of birds.Near to the peaks of Sahand, Bozqoosh and Qaradaagh,live many kinds of wild animals such as;wild sheep,wild cat,Partridge,beer,panther,deer,gazelle,falcon,and other kinds.And in the mountainous forest, live many kinds of snakes,serpents,rattlesnake, and different kinds of lizards.
Trip to, and Stay in the Province
all district and towns of the province are provided with well connected nets of road,and traviling facilities,so atrip to these destination is very easy job. All towns of the proince are well facilitated by networks of services such as telecommunication and health services,and all service staff are familiar with tourism regulation as well as local culture.The International Airport of Tabriz is well facilitated, and many international as well as national flight are held there dily.