The city of Yazd is located 689 kilometers from Tehran, the national capital. Yazd is provincial capital, and it is the largest and the most inhabited town in the province.It is located in and extensive valley facing the central desert of Iran.
Its weather consequently, is hot and arid in summer and cold in winter. In the fifth century AH, the sons of Abu-Jafar Kakoo settled in yazd and city started its development more developed Yazd by building many schools and mosques, and during Al-Mozaffer's era, many water under ground canals were diggied to supply the water-need of the growing population. During the Moguls invasion (the 7th and the 8th century), many scholars and artists settled in this city for more protection, and many other schools and mosques were built then.
Many attires (pray places of the Sufis) are still in this city which indicate its being a shelter for them during difficult times. From the remaining of them, Boqaa Sheykh Ali Solayman in bidakhwaid, the astray and the mosque of Sheykh Dada in Bonder Abad and the astray of Sheykh Ahmad Fahhadan in Yazd are still exist today.
The district of Yazd includes many tourism attractions and places to visit such as the following:
Ghar (cave) Nabati and Chahar Taqi (Four Arch) in Nadoshan and Zand.
Khanehaye Qadimi (Old Houses) Lariha, Arabha, Rasoleyan, Kolah Doozha, Melekol Todjar and Assadi.
Ab Anbarhaye Qadimi (the Old Water Stores) Shish Badguir(6Wind-Catchers), Masoudin, Hajj Ali Akbar, khajeh, Gulshan and Rustam Guiv.
Yazd es el puente de atraccion incontestable de Iran central. El laberinto de las callejuelas de la ciudad antigua y el color dorado de las casas de tierra al crepusculo son un sueño. Yazd es un centro de produccion textil y el mercado de seda de lujo. Yazd ha a quedado a traves de 14 siglos de islamisacion, la capital de vida zoroastriana en Iran. Abriga la más grande comunidad zoroastriana de Iran. Yazd debe su ambiente relajado a esta mezcla de antigua ciudad del desierto y de la herencia pluri religiosa.La minoria zoroastriana se ha dispersado en todo el pais y mantiene buenas relaciones con sus co religionarios de India, los Parsis.
Desde Yazd se puede visitar Kharanaq (la fortaleza y el caravanserail, 70 Km), el templo de fuego zoroastriano de Tchak Tchak (102 km), Meybod (taller de vasijas, la ciudadela de Narin qal'eh, palomares, neveras y caravanserails, 40 km).
Madaris Qadimi (Old Schools) Khan, Zeyaieh, Abul -Maali, Huseyneyeh, Domenar, Medan Qeyam and Abdul -Raheem Khan.
Qala (Castle) Ibraheem Abad which is located in Rastaq village, and Qalahayeh (castles) Zarich and Ez Abad.
Baghhaye (9Gardens)Dawlat Abad and Khan which are located on the old road to Taft.
Baghhaye (Gardens) Kolah Farangiand Musheer which are located in Rahmat Abad.
Masjid (Mosques) Jami, Meer chakhmaq, Mulla ismaeil, Zaviyeh, Sabat and Chahar Mannar.
Masjid Qadimi Reeg, Ez Abad Rastaq, Ameneh Gul and Nadoshan.
Masjid Jami (Friday Mosque) Fahraj.
Buqahayeh (Shrines) Abu-Jafar, Saied Khalil, Darvazeh Imam, Shah Sayed Reza, Sayed gul Surkh, Ruknel - Deen and Shamsol - Deen.
Amakin Mazhabi Zarushtian (Holy Places of Zoroastrians).
Maidan and the Tekieh of Mir Chakhmaq
this Maidan and the Tekieh, once considered the entrance portal of the old Bazaar of Yazd, :Yelling to the late (I 5th cent. A.D.), and were founded in (1426 A.D.), when Masjid-e Mir Chakhmaq was also under construction. However, the portal, two high tile-decorated minarets and several of the present arcades date from the (19th cent AD. ), added during the Qajar )Period.
Mausoleum of Seyed Rokn-od Din
Seyed Rokn-od Din Mausoleum This Mausoleum belongs to the (14th cent. A.D.) and possesses a portal, a fine cupola covered with enameled tiles, and an inscription in Kufic calligraphy. Inside the cupola, there are brick decorations, and the construction of the mausoleum has been attributed to Amir Rokn-od Din Mohammad Qazi. Before becoming a mausoleum, the building was known under the name of Masjid-e Mosalla-ye Ateeq.
Seyed Rokn-od Din Mausoleum
This Mausoleum belongs to the (14th cent. A.D.) and possesses a portal, a fine cupola covered with enameled tiles, and an inscription in Kufic calligraphy. Inside the cupola, there are brick decorations, and the construction of the mausoleum has been attributed to Amir Rokn-od Din Mohammad Qazi. Before becoming a mausoleum, the building was known under the name of Masjid-e Mosalla-ye Ateeq.
Jame' Mosque, Ardestan
The drive from Natanz to Ardestan (almost due east) is a dog-leg jaunt of 70 km. with the desert on the left all the way. The present Friday Mosque in Ardestan can be dated late in the twelfth century. It is one of the finest examples of Se1juq architecture in central Iran, in the same style as the Friday Mosques of Isfahan, Zavareh (15 kin. north-east of Ardestan) and Golpaigan (between Isfahan and Arak). In Ardestan one marvels at the whirling arabesques on the vault of the iwan.
Ninety-six kin. beyond Ardestan along a rather bumpy track that keeps veering towards the desert as though eager to lure one away from the lifeline of cities, is the sleepy little town of Na'in. The Friday Mosque of Na'in, exceptional in that it dates from the period before four iwan had become the norm, in the eleventh (?) century or possibly even earlier if one judges by the elegant stucco relief (once polychrome) on arch, Mihrab and column.
Jame' Mosque, NA'IN
The Jame' of Na'in is one of the famous historic aments of Iran and its original construction belongs to the (10th cent. A.D.). From the constructional point of view, the crescent-shaped arches of this mosque bear close resemblance to those of the Tarikhaneh mosque of Danighan, and the Jame' of Nairiz in Fars. The unmet possesses eleven arcades with semi-circular vaults, the one in the middle being wider than the rest. Upon the walls, the vaults and the pillars, there are various octagonal and other geometric decorations worked in plaster moldings, particularly worthy of note for their simple charm and deep setting. This last point supports the belief that the unmet is one of the early Islamic structures, and a historic relic of considerable artistic value. Upon the Minbar, there is an inscription in Naskh style, carved on a floral background and dated 711 A.H. (13 11 A.D. ), which is the date of the donation, by Jamal-od Din Maleki-ol To jar, of the minbar. Further, a panel inscription on the door of the mosque, bears the date 874 A.H. (1469) A.D. ), which is that of repairs on the unmet. This mosque is also known as the Masjid-e Alavian.
The province of Yazd is very interesting regarding wild life because of the verities of its plants and animals. The protected wild areas "Kalmand" and "Bahadoran" with and area of 250 hectares and the protected area of "Kooh Bafq& areas" with an area of 100 hectares are very interesting for their location on the edge of the central desert of Iran which caused a varieties of desert plants and animals. The special climatic and geographical characteristics of Kalmand and Bahadoran areas caused a special plantaion and facilities for living of varieties of animals such as the Iranian gazeele, and Bustard. There are many wild goat, wild ewe, tiger, hyena , fox, wolf, and rabbit. The are many wild birds also in this region such as:
Partridge, grouse, ptarmigan, Blond alum, and eagle. Gazelles are mainly agglomerated in the protected areas Bahadoran. Chah Moortini, Khaleqi and Dasht Madan.
The main area that ram and ewe live there is the hill area of "Surkh Rang", which is located near the river "Laghereh". Many Kinds of worm live in the desert areas of the province such as turtle. lizard, many kinds of snakes, viper and adder.
Travel to and Stay in the Province of Yazd
All towns and districts of the province are facilitated with all facilities which help them to stay there and enjoy a pleasant holiday. All districts and towns are connected to each other with road networks and necessary facilities. There are also provided with telecommunication networks and health facilities, so traveling to and staying in all towns of the province will be easy and enjoyable. The people of the province are well educated and very warm and nice and now about tourism and culture, so tourists will be warmly welcomes there.
Yazd Air Port provides regular daily flights to and from Tehran . The Railway line between Tehran and Kerman crosses Yazd and provides pleasant journeys on the edge of the wonderful Desert.